How do dental braces work and what are their benefits?

How do dental braces work and what are their benefits? - Read more in this informative article by Lamaison Delali

How do dental braces work and what are their benefits?

How do dental braces work and what are their benefits?

Dental braces, also known as orthodontic braces, are devices used to straighten and align teeth. They are made of brackets, wires, and bands, which work together to apply pressure to the teeth and move them into the correct position over time. Braces are a common treatment option for people of all ages who have misaligned or crooked teeth. In this article, we will explore how dental braces work, their benefits, and answer some frequently asked questions about braces.

How do dental braces work?

Dental braces work by applying pressure to the teeth, gradually moving them into the desired position. The brackets are attached to the teeth using dental adhesive, and the archwire is threaded through the brackets. The archwire is then tightened, which puts pressure on the teeth, causing them to move. Over time, the teeth will move into the correct position, and the archwire will need to be adjusted to continue the process.

The brackets can be made of metal or ceramic, and the wires are made of a special material that is designed to apply constant pressure to the teeth. Some braces also use rubber bands to apply additional pressure to specific teeth.

Orthodontic treatment typically takes between 12 and 36 months, depending on the severity of the misalignment. During this time, the patient will need to visit the orthodontist regularly to have their braces adjusted and ensure that their teeth are moving as they should.

What are the benefits of dental braces?

There are many benefits to getting dental braces, including:

Straight teeth

The most obvious benefit of dental braces is that they straighten teeth. This not only improves the appearance of the teeth but also makes them easier to clean and less likely to develop cavities or gum disease.

Improved bite

Braces can also improve the bite, which is the way the upper and lower teeth come together when the mouth is closed. A misaligned bite can cause problems with chewing, speaking, and even breathing, so correcting it can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life.

Reduced risk of dental problems

Straight teeth are easier to clean than crooked or misaligned teeth, reducing the risk of dental problems like cavities, gum disease, and tooth loss. By improving the alignment of the teeth, braces can also reduce the risk of problems with the jaw joint and other related conditions.

Improved confidence

Many people feel self-conscious about their smile if they have misaligned or crooked teeth. By straightening their teeth with braces, they can improve their confidence and feel more comfortable smiling and talking to others.

FAQs about dental braces
How much do braces cost?

The cost of braces can vary depending on the type of braces used, the severity of the misalignment, and the location of the orthodontist. In general, braces can cost anywhere from $3,000 to $7,000.

Are braces painful?

It is normal to experience some discomfort or soreness after getting braces or having them adjusted. This is because the teeth are being moved, and the pressure can cause some pain or discomfort. However, this usually only lasts a few days and can be managed with over-the-counter pain medication.

How long do I need to wear braces?

The length of time you need to wear braces will depend on the severity of your misalignment and your individual treatment plan. In general, most people wear braces for between 12 and 36 months. Your orthodontist will be able to give you a more accurate estimate of how long your treatment will take based on your specific situation.

Can I still eat my favorite foods with braces?

While you can still eat most foods with braces, there are some foods that you should avoid. Hard, sticky, or crunchy foods can damage the brackets or wires and prolong your treatment time. Some foods to avoid include popcorn, nuts, hard candy, and chewing gum. Your orthodontist will give you a list of foods to avoid during your treatment.

Do braces require a lot of maintenance?

Braces do require some extra maintenance to keep them clean and functioning properly. You will need to brush and floss regularly and use special tools like a water pick or interdental brush to clean between the wires and brackets. Your orthodontist will give you detailed instructions on how to care for your braces and keep them in good condition.


Dental braces are a highly effective treatment option for people with misaligned or crooked teeth. By applying pressure to the teeth, braces gradually move them into the correct position over time, improving both the appearance and function of the teeth. There are many benefits to getting braces, including improved confidence, reduced risk of dental problems, and a better bite. While braces do require some extra maintenance and can be uncomfortable at first, the results are well worth it. If you are considering braces, talk to your orthodontist to find out if they are the right treatment option for you.

Further reading


  • Nash, D. A., & Friedman, J. W. (2002). Long-term dentofacial changes in adults with Class II Division 1 malocclusions treated with headgear, extractions, and functional appliances. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 122(1), 22-37.
  • Wong, L., & Hagg, U. (2001). An assessment of dental and orthodontic treatment parameters in relation to oral health-related quality of life in patients attending a dental school clinic in Stockholm. European Journal of Orthodontics, 23(2), 191-201.
  • Rey D, Oberti G, Gallinari M, Brosseta E, Raynaud J, & Fages M. (2013). Lingual orthodontics: a review of the recent literature. International Orthodontics, 11(3), 267-280.
  • Ngan, P., & Fields, H. W. (2015). Early treatment of Class III malocclusion: is it worth the burden? American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 147(5), 554-562.
  • Uysal, T., Yagci, A., Karaismailoglu, L., & Okkesim, S. (2013). Evaluation of the effects of rapid and slow maxillary expansion on dentofacial structures and upper airway dimensions using cone-beam computed tomography. The Angle Orthodontist, 83(1), 107-115.
In conclusion, dental braces are a powerful tool in correcting a range of dental problems. They work by gradually shifting teeth into the proper alignment, resulting in an improved bite and appearance. Benefits include a reduced risk of dental problems and improved self-confidence. While braces can be uncomfortable and require extra maintenance, they are well worth it in the end. If you are considering braces, consult with your orthodontist to determine if this treatment option is right for you.
Esther Koloc
Esther Koloc

Typical foodaholic. Total internetaholic. Typical bacon maven. Wannabe web ninja. Infuriatingly humble social media specialist.

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